Gobeklitepe In Turkey: The World’S First Temple
New findings suggest that the oldest known temple in the world may have been built with a precise geometric plan.
Hunters - New findings suggest that the oldest known temple in the world may have been built with a precise geometric plan. The megalithic temple was carved into the rock near Gobeklitepi in Konya province, Turkey, some 3,000 years ago, where one of the oldest known astronomical sites in Europe is located. Covering more than 2,500 square kilometers, it is the largest known temple in Turkey and the second largest in North Africa, after the main temple of Nevali Cori in Egypt, which dates back to at least the 4th millennium.
Gobekli Tepe (translated as "hill belly") was erected about 3,000 years before the advent of evidence of agriculture and animal domestication on the planet. The idea that agricultural institutions produced a religion took on a face when the fully built temple complex was discovered in Gobeklitepi (pronounced Guh behk - lee Teh - peh) in the mid-19th century BC, which roughly translates as "hilly - hilly" in Greek.
The temple, built during the Neolithic period by hunters and gatherers, is considered one of the earliest examples of religious structure in the world and the first of its kind. It is said to have been a sacred site, similar to Stonehenge, but much larger and more complex than that.
The most concrete find of the archaeological site, which researchers from the Universities of Istanbul and Chicago discovered during a surface survey in 1963, was made in 1986 when a farmer found the statue while working in his fields. In addition to excavations of the Nevali Cori, the earliest Neolithic settlement in Turkey, Schmidt has also discovered prehistoric stone slabs in Gobekli Tepe.
After all, it would be presumptuous to claim that Gobekli Tepe was the first temple in the world, but this designation presupposes that no other culture built a temple like it, and in fact it is the only known example of the first man-made structure, larger and more complicated than a hut. It is therefore reasonable that it was the site of one of the most important archaeological discoveries in Turkey in the Neolithic period.
It is considered one of the oldest temples in the world, and has several dozen T-shaped columns carved into limestone and arranged in a circular enclosure reminiscent of England's Stonehenge, and a series of carved - stone - megalithic images on its walls that preceded the invention of agriculture. The Turkish name means "potty hill" and is located on a hill that dates back to the Neolithic period, i.e. about 3,000 years ago. On the eastern edge of Gobekli Tepe in southeastern Turkey, about 30 km north of Istanbul, it consists of several dozen limestone columns divided into circular enclosures, with a fence similar to that in England, Stonehensge. The most famous of these, the image - carved "megaliths" or "megaliths" - consists of a parade of animals etched into the surface of each column, in which a bull and a crane link up with a fox in the middle, while the animal is joined in the parade by bulls and cranes, like the dozens erected by the early Neolithic people in Gobakli tepe, in southeastern Turkey.
These symbols are among the oldest known images from the Neolithic Age and are the first large temples in the world. This site, still considered a mysterious Neocene pre-ceramic black box, is considered one of the oldest monumental architectures discovered on the planet, as well as the most important archaeological site in Turkey, as far as human history is concerned.
The chief excavator Klaus Schmidt even described it as the first temple in the world, and several pieces of evidence indicate that it was built as a religious complex in a community.
Gobekli Tepe, which means "Potbelly Hill" in Turkish and is located in the southeastern province of Sanliurfa, is considered by scholars to be the oldest temple in the world. Many historians and archaeologists have interpreted the stone monolith sanctuary as the oldest preserved temple in the world. What makes it so incredible is that it was not only built as a religious complex in a community, but it is actually the ancient temple of the worlds. Gobeklis Teke, which means "Pobb Belly Hill" in Turkish, is located on the southeastern corner of Turkey's largest city, Diyarbakir, in southeastern Turkey, near the border with Greece.
Gobekli Tepe was first investigated in 1963 by archaeologist Peter Benedict of the University of Chicago, who mistakenly believed it to be a Byzantine-era cemetery.
After the discovery of Gobekli Tepe, archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who had worked on the site for decades, was convinced that it was the oldest temple in the world. As it turns out, the ancient temple on earth known as the "Gobeklitepe" preceded even the oldest of Egypt's pyramids. In 2002, Gobekslitepe was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, 7.5 million years before the Great Pyramid.